What is The importance of timing, synchronization and wavelength to the brain?
Each second, our brain is bombarded with thousands of bits of sensory information coming from numerous sources: eye sight, hearing, olfaction, taste, touch, organs and viscera, skin, muscles, and articulations; in short, from our internal and external environment.
The brain cannot make sense of all this information unless it is integrated into a meaningful experience. Only then can the brain react optimally to its environment. However, there is no single physical area in the brain where all this information can meet. To solve this problem, our brain integrates and synchronizes this information in a temporal (timed) manner.
Timing and the Brain
Two pieces of information coming from the same sensory experience can only be integrated – and therefore become meaningful – only if they are synchronized in time (happen together). In contrast, two pieces of information coming from the same sensory experience which are not synchronized in time cannot be integrated by our brain.
Loss of timing for brain and neuro-developmental disorders
Imagine that you are watching a French movie that has not been properly dubbed. Imagine for example that the image and the sound are not synchronized. Imagine the lips of the actor not moving while hearing words or imagine the lips moving but the voice is silent. The coherence and flow is lost and it becomes annoying, meaningless, or even ridiculous. Eventually you would stop watching that movie. Children and adults suffering from ADHD and other neurodevelopment disorders have the same problem. Except that for them, the desynchronization is ongoing and never stops. Moreover, the desynchronization does not only affect two senses (such as hearing and sight in our example) but all the other bits of sensory information coming in constantly from our various senses.
In order for the various pieces of information to be synchronized in time, our brain must have a very precise timing mechanism. And this timing mechanism requires a basic rhythm; the same as a music student uses a metronome to acquire his tempo skills.
The cerebellum and timing
In our brain, the metronome is our cerebellum. It gives the timing mechanism upon which all the incoming information will be synchronized. Any malfunction of the cerebellum can therefore lead to a desynchronization of the information, a frequent problem in children suffering from ADHD.
In addition to good timing, the different parts of our brain must be on the same wavelength or frequency to communicate properly.
In order to illustrate this concept, let’s imagine that you are using a walkie-talkie with your child who is in the garden. If both devices are on the same frequency (« the same wave length »), you will be able to communicate without any problems. However, if they are on two different wave lengths, there will be some crackling sounds on the line and communication will be more difficult. If both frequencies are too different, it becomes impossible to communicate.
Our cerebral hemispheres and our cortex function at a 40 hertz frequency (40 times per second). This frequency is the basis for human consciousness. At this speed, timing must be very precise or any error can be devastating.
Our brain functions at its best when both hemispheres are coherent, which means when they oscillate at the 40 hertz frequency. When this situation happens, both hemispheres can not only communicate together through traditional neurological relays, but also energetically.
This 40 Hertz frequency originates in the thalamus, the relay centre for all information going toward the brain (except the smell).
In order to better understand this concept, let’s imagine an experiment where the right side of someone’s body isn’t stimulated anymore. The left hemisphere – because the information from the right side of the body crosses to the left side of the brain – will not be stimulated any longer either, and the 40 Hertz rhythm cannot be maintained. In consequence, we develop a lack of coherence, a desynchronization between the two hemispheres. In this situation, the brain cannot work at its best.
Research in neuroscience has shown that ADHD is a consequence of brain timing errors which give rise to a desynchronization of incoming information or a coherence problem in which two or more parts of our brain «are no longer on the same wavelength ».
Here at BC Brain Wellness we are excited to offer Interactive Metronome as a core part of our Well Brain Program. This revolutionary technology works to improve synchronization and timing in the brain and improve overall brain coherence.